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엘프먼-Daniel Elfman, 작곡가, Composer, USA
[본명] 대니얼 로버트 엘프먼
Daniel Robert Elfman

[출생] 1953년 5월 29일
미국 캘리포니아 주 로스앤젤레스

[직업] 작곡가,가수,음반 제작자,배우,성우

브리짓 폰다 (2003년~현재) 아이 1명

대니 엘프먼(Danny Elfman, 1953년 5월 29일 ~ )
은 미국의 대중음악 작곡가이다.

《비틀주스》, 《배트맨》, 《배트맨 2》, 《가위손》,
《슬리피 할로우》, 《화성침공》, 《빅 피쉬》 등
《에드 우드》등을 제외한 팀 버튼의 거의 모든 작품의
음악을 작곡했다.

《심슨 가족》의 테마를 비롯해서 여러 텔레비
전 쇼의 음악을 작곡했다.

《크리스마스의 악몽》에서는 주인공 잭의 노래
역할을 맡아서 직접 노래를 부르기도 했다. <유
령신부> 에서는 '본쟁글스'로 출연해 노래를 불렀다.

그는 '음악인' 이라는 수식어보다는 '영화인' 이
라는 수식어가 더 잘 어울릴 정도로 영화적인
음악감각이 대단하다. 그의 음악은 등장인물들
의 심리나 동작 하나하나에 따라 악기, 멜로디
가 정해진다. 그는 어렸을 때 영화감독이 꿈이였
을 정도로 영화적 감각이 대단한 영화음악가이다.

2003년 11월 29일에 브리짓 폰다와 결혼하였으
며, 아이를 하나 두었다.


[Birth name]
Daniel Robert Elfman

[Born] May 29, 1953
Los Angeles, California, U.S.

Rock, ska, film music, video game music

Composer, singer, songwriter, record

Trombone, guitar, percussion, vocals, piano,

[Years active] 1972~present

Daniel Robert "Danny" Elfman (born May 29,
1953) is an American composer, singer,
songwriter, and record producer. Elfman is
best known for his work scoring films and
television shows, in particular his frequent
collaborations with director Tim Burton, and
for being the lead singer and songwriter for
the band Oingo Boingo from 1974 to 1995.

In 1976 Elfman entered the film industry as
an actor. In 1982 he scored his first film,
Forbidden Zone, directed by his older
brother Richard Elfman. Among his honours
are four Academy Award nominations, a Grammy
for Batman, an Emmy for Desperate
Housewives, the 2002 Richard Kirk Award, and
the Disney Legend Award.

[Life and career]
[Early life and career]
Danny Elfman was born on May 29, 1953 in Los
Angeles, California to a Jewish family. He
is the son of Blossom Elfman (nee
Bernstein), a writer and teacher, and Milton
Elfman, a teacher who was in the Air Force.
He was raised in a racially mixed affluent
community in Baldwin Hills, California. He
spent much of his time in the neighborhood's
local movie theatre, adoring the music of
such film composers as Bernard Herrmann and
Franz Waxman. Stating that he hung out with
the "band geeks" in high school, he started
a ska band. After dropping out of high
school, he followed his brother Richard to
France, where he performed with Le Grand
Magic Circus, an avant-garde musical theater group.

He was never officially a student at the
CalArts; nonetheless, the instructor
encouraged him to continue learning. Elfman
stated, "He just laughed, and said, 'Sit.
Play.' I continued to sit and play for a
couple years." At this time, his brother
Richard was forming a new musical theater group.

[Oingo Boingo]
In 1972 Richard Elfman founded the American
new wave band/performance art group,
originally called The Mystic Knights of the
Oingo Boingo. They played several shows
throughout the 1970s until Richard Elfman
left the band to become a filmmaker. As a
send-off to the band's original concept,
Richard Elfman created the film Forbidden
Zone based on their stage performances.

Danny Elfman composed his first score for
the film and played the role of Satan (the
other band members played his minions). By
the time the movie was completed, they had
taken the name Oingo Boingo and begun
recording and touring as a rock group. From
1976 and on, it was led by Danny Elfman,
until 1995 when they suddenly retired.

The semi-theatrical music and comedy troupe
had transformed into a ska-influenced new
wave band in 1979, and then changed again
towards a more guitar-oriented rock sound,
in the late 1980s. Oingo Boingo, still led
by Danny Elfman, performed as themselves
in the 1986 movie Back to School.
Additionally, Danny Elfman and Oingo
Boingo guitarist Steve Bartek reunited on
October 31, 2015 to perform the song "Dead
Man's Party" "for the first time in 20 years
to the day", as Elfman said to the audience
during an encore at a Halloween celebration
at the Hollywood Bowl.

[Film and television scoring]
In 1985, Tim Burton and Paul Reubens invited
Elfman to write the score for their first
feature film, Pee-wee's Big Adventure.
Elfman was apprehensive at first, because of
his lack of formal training, but with
orchestration assistance from Oingo Boingo
guitarist and arranger Steve Bartek, he
achieved his goal of emulating the mood of
such composers as Nino Rota and Bernard
Herrmann. In the booklet for the first
volume of Music for a Darkened Theatre,
Elfman described the first time he heard his
music played by a full orchestra as one of
the most thrilling experiences of his life.

Elfman immediately developed a rapport with
Burton and has gone on to score all but
three of Burton's major studio releases: Ed
Wood, which was under production while
Elfman and Burton were having a serious
disagreement, Sweeney Todd, and most
recently Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar
Children. Elfman also provided the singing
voice for Jack Skellington in Tim Burton's
The Nightmare Before Christmas and the
voices of both Barrel and the "Clown with
the Tear-Away Face".

In 1990, Elfman composed the iconic
orchestra piece, 'Ice Dance', for the Tim
Burton film Edward Scissorhands. Years later
he provided the voice for Bonejangles the
skeleton in Corpse Bride and the voices of
the Oompa-Loompas in Charlie and the Chocolate Factory.

One of Elfman's notable compositions is The
Simpsons Theme, which he wrote in 1989.

In 2002 Elfman composed the opening theme
for the Sam Raimi Spider-Man series. This as
well as altered versions made its way to all
3 Spider-Man movies. In 2004 Elfman composed
Serenada Schizophrana for the American
Composers Orchestra. It was conducted by
John Mauceri on its recording and by Steven
Sloane at its premiere at Carnegie Hall in
New York City on February 23, 2005.

After its premiere, it was recorded in
studio and released onto SACD on October 3,
2006. The meeting with Mauceri proved
fruitful as the composer was encouraged then
to write a new concert piece for Mauceri and
the Hollywood Bowl Orchestra. Elfman
composed an "overture to a non-existent
musical" and called the piece "The Overeager
Overture". He also continues to compose his
film scores in addition to these other projects.

In October 2013, Elfman returned to the
stage to sing his vocal parts to a handful
of Nightmare Before Christmas songs as part
of a concert titled Danny Elfman's Music
from the Films of Tim Burton.
He composed the film score for Oz the Great and
Powerful (2013), and composed additional
music for Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015)
together with Brian Tyler.

Elfman composed the score for the 2017 film
Fifty Shades Darker.

Elfman's film scores were featured in the
2017 production SCORE: A Film Music

[Other projects]
In November 2010, it was reported that Danny
Elfman was writing the music for a planned
musical based on the life of Harry Houdini,
but, as of January 2012, he was no longer
attached to the project.

In 2011 Elfman composed the music for the
Cirque du Soleil show Iris, which was
performed at the Dolby Theatre in Hollywood
from July 21, 2011 to January 19, 2013.

In October 2016, Elfman composed a horror
score for when Donald Trump "loom[ed]"
behind Hillary Clinton at the second United
States presidential election debates, 2016.

[Musical influences]
The style of Elfman's music has been
influenced by modern composers including
Bela Bartok, Philip Glass, Lou Harrison,
Carl Orff, Harry Partch, Sergei Prokofiev,
Maurice Ravel, Erik Satie, Igor Stravinsky,
and Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Elfman has
said that the first time he noticed film
music was when he heard Bernard Herrmann's
score to The Day the Earth Stood Still as an
eleven-year-old; afterwards he became a fan
of film music. Elfman's influences in film
music include the work of Erich Wolfgang
Korngold, Max Steiner, David Tamkin, Franz
Waxman, and Nino Rota, who served as a
significant influence and the main
inspiration for Elfman's score for Pee-wee's
Big Adventure. Elfman's work in pop music
was influenced by The Specials, Madness, the
Selecter, and XTC.

[Personal life]
As a teenager, Elfman dated his classmate
Kim Gordon, who would later become one of
the members of the rock band Sonic Youth.

On November 29, 2003, Elfman married actress
Bridget Fonda. They have a son, Oliver. In
1998, Elfman scored A Simple Plan, starring Fonda.

He is the uncle of actor Bodhi Elfman, who
is married to actress Jenna Elfman.

Elfman has been an atheist since the age of
11 or 12. According to him, he is a cynicologist.

Describing his politics during the 1980s,
Elfman said, "I'm not a doomist. My attitude
is always to be critical of what's around
you, but not ever to forget how lucky we
are. I've traveled around the world. I left
thinking I was a revolutionary. I came back
real right-wing patriotic. Since then, I've
kind of mellowed in between." In 2008, he
expressed support for Barack Obama and said
that Sarah Palin was his "worst nightmare".

During the 18 years with Oingo Boingo,
Elfman developed significant hearing damage
as a result of the continuous exposure to
the high noise levels involved in performing
in a rock band. Afraid of worsening his
condition, he decided to leave the band,
saying that he would never return to that
kind of performance. His impairment was so
bad that he could not "even sit in a loud
restaurant or bar anymore." However, he
found performing in front of orchestras more
tolerable, and returned several times to
reprise his live performance of Jack Skellington.


Composer, Charlie and Chocolate factory, Overeager Overture
(PIG: time-variant)

Positive Influence GRADE (PIG): Co

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