CCG 월튼 Samuel Walton
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월튼-Samuel Walton, Founder of Walmart, USA
샘 월튼 (Samuel Moore Walton)
기업인, 월마트 창업자



[출생-사망] 1918년 3월 29일, 미국
~ 1992년 4월 5일 (74세)



[가족] 아들 롭슨 월튼, 짐 월튼,
딸 앨리스 월튼

[학력사항]
미주리대학교



[경력사항]
1998 타임지 20세기 가장 영향력있는 인물 100명에 선정
1991 월마트 시어즈 로벅 추월, 미 소매업계 평정
1990 1721개 점포, 326억 매출
1988 회장 취임
1988 하이퍼마트를 수퍼센터로 개조
1987 하이퍼마트 신설
1983 회원제 창고형 할인매장, 샘스클럽 신설
1970 뉴욕증시 NYSE 상장
1962.06 월마트 1호점 개점
1945 아칸소주 뉴포트 소매체인점 '벤 프랭
클린 버라이어티' 매장인수

[수상내역] 1992 자유훈장



--------------------------------------
[출생] 1918년 3월 29일
미국 오클라호마 주 킹피셔

[사망] 1992년 4월 5일 (74세)
미국 아칸소 주 리틀록



[사인] 혈액암
[국적] 미국

[학력] 미주리 대학교 경제학과
[경력] 월마트의 창업자
[직업] 기업인
[배우자] 헬렌 월턴
[자녀]
사무엘 롭슨 월턴, 짐 월턴
존 토니 월턴, 앨리스 월턴
[친척]
제임스 월턴
앤 월턴 크랑키
낸시 월턴 로리



새뮤얼 무어 "샘" 월턴(Samuel
Moore "Sam" Walton, 1918년 3월 29일~1992
년 4월 6일)은 세계적인 유통 기업 월마트
를 설립한 미국의 기업인이다.

미국 오클라호마 주 킹피셔 출생으로 1923
년까지 그곳에서 살다가 미주리 주 체스터
필드로 이사하였다. 이후 보이 스카우트에
입단해 미국 보이 스카우트에서 이글 스카
우트 상까지 받았다.

고등학교 졸업 후 월턴 대학과 미주리 대학
교에 입학해 경제학을 공부했고 1940년 졸
업 후 군대에 입대했다가 1943년 헬린 월턴
과 결혼하고 1945년 제대했다. 그리고 아버
지의 사위 플러스에게서 5000달러, 군대에
서 2만 달러를 대출해 아칸소 주 뉴포트에
월마트의 전신인 벤 프랭클린 상점을 개장했다.

매출 수익이 늘고 성공하자 1962년에는 아
칸소, 미주리, 캔자스 등지에 16개의 체인
점을 열게 되었고 1962년 7월 월마트를 아
칸소 주 로저스에 첫 개장했다.



많은 노력을 들여 월마트를 세계 최대의 유
통 업체로 키워내 미국 내 점포수는 디스카
운트 스토어가 810개, 월마트 슈퍼센터가
2,737개에 달하고 샘스클럽은 창고형 회원
제 할인매장 샘스클럽도 미국 내 점포수가
605개이며, 14개국에 진출한 월마트 인터내
셔널 역시 14개국에 진출해있다.

1991년 장로교 자선 사업에 600만 달러를
기부하기도 했으며 새 교회 발전을 위해
300만 달러의 기부금을 만들기도 했다.
1992년 4월 5일 아칸소 주 리틀락에서 혈액암으로 사망했다.





======================================
Samuel Walton

[Born] Samuel Moore Walton
March 29, 1918
Kingfisher, Oklahoma, U.S.
[Died] April 5, 1992 (aged 74)
Little Rock, Arkansas, U.S.



[Nationality] American
[Alma mater]
University of Missouri 1940
[Occupation]
Founder of Walmart and Sam's Club
[Religion] Presbyterianism
[Spouse(s)]
Helen Robson (1943 – his death)
[Children] 4

Samuel Moore "Sam" Walton (March 29,
1918 – April 5, 1992) was an American
businessman and entrepreneur best known
for founding the retailers Walmart and
Sam's Club.

[Personal life]
Walton married Helen Robson on February 14,
1943. They had four children: Samuel Robson
(Rob) born in 1944, John Thomas (1946~2005),
James Carr (Jim) born in 1948, and Alice
Louise born in 1949. Walton supported
various charitable causes. He and Helen were
active in the Bentonville Church of Christ;
Sam served as an Elder and a Sunday School
teacher, teaching high school age students.
The family made substantial contributions to
the congregation.



[Death]
Walton died on Sunday, April 5, 1992, of
multiple myeloma, a type of blood cancer, in
Little Rock, Arkansas. The news of his death
was relayed by satellite to all 1,960 Wal-
Mart stores. At the time, his company
employed 380,000 people. Annual sales of
nearly $50 billion flowed from 1,735 Wal-
Marts, 212 Sam’s Clubs, and 13 Supercenters.

His remains are interred at the Bentonville Cemetery.

He left his ownership in Wal-Mart to his
wife and their children: Rob Walton
succeeded his father as the Chairman of Wal-
Mart, and John Walton was a director until
his death in a 2005 plane crash. The others
are not directly involved in the company
(except through their voting power as
shareholders), however his son Jim Walton is
chairman of Arvest Bank. The Walton family
held five spots in the top ten richest
people in the United States until 2005. Two
daughters of Sam's brother Bud Walton, Ann
Kroenke and Nancy Laurie, hold smaller
shares in the company.



[Legacy]
In 1998, Walton was included in Time's list
of 100 most influential people of the 20th
Century. Walton was honored for all his
capitalist efforts in retail in March 1992,
when he received the Presidential Medal of
Freedom from President George H. W. Bush.

Forbes ranked Sam Walton as the richest
person in the United States from 1982 to
1988, ceding the top spot to John Kluge in
1989 when the editors began to credit
Walton's fortune jointly to him and his four
children. (Bill Gates first headed the list
in 1992, the year Walton died). Wal-Mart
Stores, Inc. also runs Sam's Club warehouse
stores. Walmart operates in the U.S. and in
more than 15 international markets,
including Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile,
China, Costa Rica, El Salvador,
Guatemala,South Africa, Botswana, Ghana,
Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania,
Uganda, Zambia, Kenya, Nigeria, Lesotho,
Swaziland, Honduras, Japan, Mexico,
Nicaragua and the United Kingdom.

At the University of Arkansas, the Business
College (Sam M. Walton College of Business)
is named in his honor. Walton was inducted
into the Junior Achievement U.S. Business
Hall of Fame in 1992.
-----------------------------------------

[Early life]
Sam Walton was born to Thomas Gibson
Walton and Nancy Lee, in Kingfisher,
Oklahoma. He lived there with his
parents on their farm until 1923.
However, farming did not provide enough
money to raise a family, and Thomas
Walton went into farm mortgaging. He
worked for his brother's Walton
Mortgage Company, which was an agent
for Metropolitan Life Insurance where
he foreclosed on farms during the Great
Depression.

He and his family (now with another
son, James, born in 1921) moved from
Oklahoma to Orlando, Florida. There
they moved from one small town to
another for several years. While
attending eighth grade in Shelbina,
Missouri, Sam became the youngest Eagle
Scout in the state's history. In adult
life, Walton became a recipient of the
Distinguished Eagle Scout Award from
the Boy Scouts of America.

Eventually the family moved to
Columbia, Missouri. Growing up during
the Great Depression, Walton had
numerous chores to help make financial
ends meet for his family as was common
at the time. He milked the family cow,
bottled the surplus, and drove it to
customers. Afterwards, he would deliver
Columbia Daily Tribune newspapers on a
paper route. In addition, he also sold
magazine subscriptions. Upon graduating
from David H. Hickman High School in
Columbia, he was voted "Most Versatile Boy."

After high school, Walton decided to
attend college, hoping to find a better
way to help support his family. He
attended the University of Missouri as
an ROTC cadet. During this time, he
worked various odd jobs, including
waiting tables in exchange for meals.
Also during his time in college, Walton
joined the Zeta Phi chapter of Beta
Theta Pi fraternity. He was also tapped
by QEBH, the well-known secret society
on campus honoring the top senior men,
and the national military honor society
Scabbard and Blade. Additionally,
Walton served as President of Burall
Bible Class, a large class of students
from the University of Missouri and
Stephens College. Upon graduating in
1940 with a bachelor's degree in
economics, he was voted "permanent
president" of the class.

Walton joined J. C. Penney as a
management trainee in Des Moines, Iowa,
three days after graduating from
college. This position paid him $75 a
month. Walton spent approximately 18
months with J. C. Penney. He resigned
in 1942 in anticipation of being
inducted into the military for service
in World War II. In the meantime, he
worked at a DuPont munitions plant near
Tulsa, Oklahoma. Soon afterwards,
Walton joined the military in the U.S.
Army Intelligence Corps, supervising
security at aircraft plants and
prisoner of war camps. In this position
he served at Fort Douglas in Salt Lake
City, Utah. He eventually reached the
rank of Captain.

[The first stores]
In 1945, after leaving the military,
Walton took over management of his
first variety store at the age of 26.
With the help of a $20,000 loan from
his father-in-law, plus $5,000 he had
saved from his time in the Army, Walton
purchased a Ben Franklin variety store
in Newport, Arkansas. The store was a
franchise of the Butler Brothers chain.

Walton pioneered many concepts that
became crucial to his success. Walton
made sure the shelves were consistently
stocked with a wide range of goods. His
second store, the tiny "Eagle"
department store, was down the street
from his first Ben Franklin and next
door to its main competitor in Newport.

With the sales volume growing from
$80,000 to $225,000 in three years,
Walton drew the attention of the
landlord, P. K. Holmes, whose family
had a history in retail. Admiring Sam's
great success, and desiring to reclaim
the store (and franchise rights) for
his son, he refused to renew the lease.
The lack of a renewal option, together
with the prohibitively high rent of 5%
of sales, were early business lessons
to Walton. Despite forcing Walton out,
Holmes bought the store's inventory and
fixtures for $50,000, which Walton
called "a fair price".

With a year left on the lease, but the
store effectively sold, he, his wife
Helen and his father-in-law managed to
negotiate the purchase of a new
location on the downtown square of
Bentonville, Arkansas. Walton
negotiated the purchase of a small
store, and the title to the building,
on the condition that he get a 99-year
lease to expand into the shop next
door. The owner of the shop next door
refused six times, and Walton gave up
on Bentonville when his father-in-law,
without Sam's knowledge, paid the shop
owner a final visit and $20,000 to
secure the lease. He had just enough
left from the sale of the first store
to close the deal, and reimburse
Helen's father. They opened for
business with a one-day remodeling sale on May 9, 1950.

Before he bought the Bentonville store,
it was doing $72,000 in sales and it
increased to $105,000 in the first year
and then $140,000 and $175,000.
...(omitted)...

(from naver.com wikipedia.org)


Club,Capital,Chairman,Commercial,Customer,influence(+) ~
(PIG: time-variant)

Positive Influence GRADE (PIG): C+


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