Name or Title
샘 월튼 (Samuel Moore Walton) 기업인, 월마트 창업자
[출생-사망] 1918년 3월 29일, 미국 ~ 1992년 4월 5일 (74세)
[가족] 아들 롭슨 월튼, 짐 월튼, 딸 앨리스 월튼 [학력사항] 미주리대학교
[경력사항] 1998 타임지 20세기 가장 영향력있는 인물 100명에 선정 1991 월마트 시어즈 로벅 추월, 미 소매업계 평정 1990 1721개 점포, 326억 매출 1988 회장 취임 1988 하이퍼마트를 수퍼센터로 개조 1987 하이퍼마트 신설 1983 회원제 창고형 할인매장, 샘스클럽 신설 1970 뉴욕증시 NYSE 상장 1962.06 월마트 1호점 개점 1945 아칸소주 뉴포트 소매체인점 '벤 프랭 클린 버라이어티' 매장인수 [수상내역] 1992 자유훈장
-------------------------------------- [출생] 1918년 3월 29일 미국 오클라호마 주 킹피셔 [사망] 1992년 4월 5일 (74세) 미국 아칸소 주 리틀록
[사인] 혈액암 [국적] 미국 [학력] 미주리 대학교 경제학과 [경력] 월마트의 창업자 [직업] 기업인 [배우자] 헬렌 월턴 [자녀] 사무엘 롭슨 월턴, 짐 월턴 존 토니 월턴, 앨리스 월턴 [친척] 제임스 월턴 앤 월턴 크랑키 낸시 월턴 로리
새뮤얼 무어 "샘" 월턴(Samuel Moore "Sam" Walton, 1918년 3월 29일~1992 년 4월 6일)은 세계적인 유통 기업 월마트 를 설립한 미국의 기업인이다. 미국 오클라호마 주 킹피셔 출생으로 1923 년까지 그곳에서 살다가 미주리 주 체스터 필드로 이사하였다. 이후 보이 스카우트에 입단해 미국 보이 스카우트에서 이글 스카 우트 상까지 받았다. 고등학교 졸업 후 월턴 대학과 미주리 대학 교에 입학해 경제학을 공부했고 1940년 졸 업 후 군대에 입대했다가 1943년 헬린 월턴 과 결혼하고 1945년 제대했다. 그리고 아버 지의 사위 플러스에게서 5000달러, 군대에 서 2만 달러를 대출해 아칸소 주 뉴포트에 월마트의 전신인 벤 프랭클린 상점을 개장했다. 매출 수익이 늘고 성공하자 1962년에는 아 칸소, 미주리, 캔자스 등지에 16개의 체인 점을 열게 되었고 1962년 7월 월마트를 아 칸소 주 로저스에 첫 개장했다.
많은 노력을 들여 월마트를 세계 최대의 유 통 업체로 키워내 미국 내 점포수는 디스카 운트 스토어가 810개, 월마트 슈퍼센터가 2,737개에 달하고 샘스클럽은 창고형 회원 제 할인매장 샘스클럽도 미국 내 점포수가 605개이며, 14개국에 진출한 월마트 인터내 셔널 역시 14개국에 진출해있다. 1991년 장로교 자선 사업에 600만 달러를 기부하기도 했으며 새 교회 발전을 위해 300만 달러의 기부금을 만들기도 했다. 1992년 4월 5일 아칸소 주 리틀락에서 혈액암으로 사망했다.
====================================== Samuel Walton [Born] Samuel Moore Walton March 29, 1918 Kingfisher, Oklahoma, U.S. [Died] April 5, 1992 (aged 74) Little Rock, Arkansas, U.S.
[Nationality] American [Alma mater] University of Missouri 1940 [Occupation] Founder of Walmart and Sam's Club [Religion] Presbyterianism [Spouse(s)] Helen Robson (1943 – his death) [Children] 4 Samuel Moore "Sam" Walton (March 29, 1918 – April 5, 1992) was an American businessman and entrepreneur best known for founding the retailers Walmart and Sam's Club. [Personal life] Walton married Helen Robson on February 14, 1943. They had four children: Samuel Robson (Rob) born in 1944, John Thomas (1946~2005), James Carr (Jim) born in 1948, and Alice Louise born in 1949. Walton supported various charitable causes. He and Helen were active in the Bentonville Church of Christ; Sam served as an Elder and a Sunday School teacher, teaching high school age students. The family made substantial contributions to the congregation.
[Death] Walton died on Sunday, April 5, 1992, of multiple myeloma, a type of blood cancer, in Little Rock, Arkansas. The news of his death was relayed by satellite to all 1,960 Wal- Mart stores. At the time, his company employed 380,000 people. Annual sales of nearly $50 billion flowed from 1,735 Wal- Marts, 212 Sam’s Clubs, and 13 Supercenters. His remains are interred at the Bentonville Cemetery. He left his ownership in Wal-Mart to his wife and their children: Rob Walton succeeded his father as the Chairman of Wal- Mart, and John Walton was a director until his death in a 2005 plane crash. The others are not directly involved in the company (except through their voting power as shareholders), however his son Jim Walton is chairman of Arvest Bank. The Walton family held five spots in the top ten richest people in the United States until 2005. Two daughters of Sam's brother Bud Walton, Ann Kroenke and Nancy Laurie, hold smaller shares in the company.
[Legacy] In 1998, Walton was included in Time's list of 100 most influential people of the 20th Century. Walton was honored for all his capitalist efforts in retail in March 1992, when he received the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President George H. W. Bush. Forbes ranked Sam Walton as the richest person in the United States from 1982 to 1988, ceding the top spot to John Kluge in 1989 when the editors began to credit Walton's fortune jointly to him and his four children. (Bill Gates first headed the list in 1992, the year Walton died). Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. also runs Sam's Club warehouse stores. Walmart operates in the U.S. and in more than 15 international markets, including Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala,South Africa, Botswana, Ghana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Kenya, Nigeria, Lesotho, Swaziland, Honduras, Japan, Mexico, Nicaragua and the United Kingdom. At the University of Arkansas, the Business College (Sam M. Walton College of Business) is named in his honor. Walton was inducted into the Junior Achievement U.S. Business Hall of Fame in 1992. ----------------------------------------- [Early life] Sam Walton was born to Thomas Gibson Walton and Nancy Lee, in Kingfisher, Oklahoma. He lived there with his parents on their farm until 1923. However, farming did not provide enough money to raise a family, and Thomas Walton went into farm mortgaging. He worked for his brother's Walton Mortgage Company, which was an agent for Metropolitan Life Insurance where he foreclosed on farms during the Great Depression. He and his family (now with another son, James, born in 1921) moved from Oklahoma to Orlando, Florida. There they moved from one small town to another for several years. While attending eighth grade in Shelbina, Missouri, Sam became the youngest Eagle Scout in the state's history. In adult life, Walton became a recipient of the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award from the Boy Scouts of America. Eventually the family moved to Columbia, Missouri. Growing up during the Great Depression, Walton had numerous chores to help make financial ends meet for his family as was common at the time. He milked the family cow, bottled the surplus, and drove it to customers. Afterwards, he would deliver Columbia Daily Tribune newspapers on a paper route. In addition, he also sold magazine subscriptions. Upon graduating from David H. Hickman High School in Columbia, he was voted "Most Versatile Boy." After high school, Walton decided to attend college, hoping to find a better way to help support his family. He attended the University of Missouri as an ROTC cadet. During this time, he worked various odd jobs, including waiting tables in exchange for meals. Also during his time in college, Walton joined the Zeta Phi chapter of Beta Theta Pi fraternity. He was also tapped by QEBH, the well-known secret society on campus honoring the top senior men, and the national military honor society Scabbard and Blade. Additionally, Walton served as President of Burall Bible Class, a large class of students from the University of Missouri and Stephens College. Upon graduating in 1940 with a bachelor's degree in economics, he was voted "permanent president" of the class. Walton joined J. C. Penney as a management trainee in Des Moines, Iowa, three days after graduating from college. This position paid him $75 a month. Walton spent approximately 18 months with J. C. Penney. He resigned in 1942 in anticipation of being inducted into the military for service in World War II. In the meantime, he worked at a DuPont munitions plant near Tulsa, Oklahoma. Soon afterwards, Walton joined the military in the U.S. Army Intelligence Corps, supervising security at aircraft plants and prisoner of war camps. In this position he served at Fort Douglas in Salt Lake City, Utah. He eventually reached the rank of Captain. [The first stores] In 1945, after leaving the military, Walton took over management of his first variety store at the age of 26. With the help of a $20,000 loan from his father-in-law, plus $5,000 he had saved from his time in the Army, Walton purchased a Ben Franklin variety store in Newport, Arkansas. The store was a franchise of the Butler Brothers chain. Walton pioneered many concepts that became crucial to his success. Walton made sure the shelves were consistently stocked with a wide range of goods. His second store, the tiny "Eagle" department store, was down the street from his first Ben Franklin and next door to its main competitor in Newport. With the sales volume growing from $80,000 to $225,000 in three years, Walton drew the attention of the landlord, P. K. Holmes, whose family had a history in retail. Admiring Sam's great success, and desiring to reclaim the store (and franchise rights) for his son, he refused to renew the lease. The lack of a renewal option, together with the prohibitively high rent of 5% of sales, were early business lessons to Walton. Despite forcing Walton out, Holmes bought the store's inventory and fixtures for $50,000, which Walton called "a fair price". With a year left on the lease, but the store effectively sold, he, his wife Helen and his father-in-law managed to negotiate the purchase of a new location on the downtown square of Bentonville, Arkansas. Walton negotiated the purchase of a small store, and the title to the building, on the condition that he get a 99-year lease to expand into the shop next door. The owner of the shop next door refused six times, and Walton gave up on Bentonville when his father-in-law, without Sam's knowledge, paid the shop owner a final visit and $20,000 to secure the lease. He had just enough left from the sale of the first store to close the deal, and reimburse Helen's father. They opened for business with a one-day remodeling sale on May 9, 1950. Before he bought the Bentonville store, it was doing $72,000 in sales and it increased to $105,000 in the first year and then $140,000 and $175,000. ...(omitted)... (from naver.com wikipedia.org)
Club,Capital,Chairman,Commercial,Customer,influence(+) ~ (PIG: time-variant)
Positive Influence GRADE (PIG): C+