Name or Title
틱낫한 (Thich Nhat Hanh | 釋一行) 승려
[출생] 1926년 10월 11일 (베트남) 성별 남성 별자리 천칭자리 띠 호랑이띠 [경력사항] 1990 미국 그린 마운틴 수행원 설립 1982 프랑스 플럼 빌리지 설립 1975 프랑스 스위트 포테이토 설립 1964 베트남 사회봉사청년학교 설립
틱낫한(베트남어: Thich Nhat Hanh, 釋一行, 1926년 10월 11일)은 베트남 출신의 승려이다. 세계 4대 생불로 추앙받는 유명한 스님이다. 스스로 법화경을 가장 애독한다고 하며, 베트남 임제종(대승불교) 스님이다. 프랑스에서 주로 활동하며, 프랑스에 설립한 플럼 빌리지가 유명하다. 참여 불교를 대표하는 스님으로서, 많은 베스트셀러 저서가 있다. 상즉종(Order of Interbeing, 접현종이라고도 한다)을 만들었다. Interbeing은 틱낫한이 새로 만든 영어단어인데, 영어 사전에는 등재되어있지 않다. 연기(緣起)를 번역한 단어인데 연기는 이미 pratityasamutpada 라는 단어가 이전부터 존재하고 있다.
[비판] 남베트남이 패망할 때, 틱낫한은 반전활동으로 인해 남베트남 정부의 요주의 인물로 지목되어 프랑스에 이미 망명해 있던 상태였다. 이 사실 때문에 반대자들은 틱낫한이 남베트남의 반전운동을 확산시켜 남베트남을 패망시키는데 한 역할을 했고, 보트 피플에 대해 무관심했다고 비판을 한다. ... (from wikipedia.org)
Thich Nhat Hanh
(born October 11, 1926) is a Vietnamese Buddhist monk, teacher, author, poet and peace activist who now lives in France where he was in exile for many years. Born Nguyen Xuen Bao, Thich Nhat Hanh joined a Zen (Vietnamese: Thien) monastery at the age of 16, and studied Buddhism as a novitiate. Upon his ordination as a monk in 1949, he assumed the Dharma name Thich Nhat Hanh. Thich is an honorary family name used by all Vietnamese monks and nuns, meaning that they are part of the Shakya (Shakyamuni Buddha) clan. He is often considered the most influential living figure in the lineage of Lam Te (Vietnamese Rinzai) Thien, and perhaps also in Zen Buddhism as a whole.
In the early 1960s, he founded the School of Youth for Social Services (SYSS) in Saigon. This grassroots relief organization rebuilt bombed villages, set up schools, established medical centers, and resettled families left homeless during the Vietnam War. He traveled to the U.S. to study at Princeton University, and later to lecture at Cornell University and Columbia University. His focus at the time was to urge the U.S. government to withdraw from Vietnam. He urged Martin Luther King, Jr. to publicly oppose the Vietnam War; King nominated Hanh for the Nobel Peace Prize in January 1967. He created the Order of Interbeing in 1966, establishing monastic and practice centers around the world. In 1973, the Vietnamese government denied Nhat Hanh permission to return to Vietnam and he went into exile in France. From 1976 to 1977 he led efforts to rescue Vietnamese boat people in the Gulf of Siam. Nhat Hanh has become an important influence in the development of Western Buddhism. His teachings and practices aim to appeal to people from various religious, spiritual, and political backgrounds, intending to offer mindfulness practices for more Western sensibilities. He lives in the Plum Village Monastery in the Dordogne region in the South of France, travelling internationally to give retreats and talks. He coined the term Engaged Buddhism in his book Vietnam: Lotus in a Sea of Fire. A long-term exile, he was given permission to make his first return trip to Vietnam in 2005 and has returned regularly since. He was awarded the Courage of Conscience award in 1991. Nhat Hanh has published more than 100 books, including more than 40 in English. A journal for the Order of Interbeing, The Mindfulness Bell, is published quarterly which includes a Dharma talk by him. Nhat Hanh continues to be active in the peace movement, promoting non- violent solutions to conflict. He has also been featured in many films, including The Power of Forgiveness showcased at the Dawn Breakers International Film Festival. (from naver.com wikipedia.org)
Courage of Conscience, Cornell & Columbia, Conflict ~ (PIG: time-variant)
Positive Influence GRADE (PIG): C