CCG Thich Nhat Hanh
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틱낫한-승려 Thich Nhat Hanh, Vietnam
틱낫한 (Thich Nhat Hanh | 釋一行) 승려

[출생] 1926년 10월 11일
성별 남성 별자리 천칭자리
띠 호랑이띠

1990 미국 그린 마운틴 수행원 설립
1982 프랑스 플럼 빌리지 설립
1975 프랑스 스위트 포테이토 설립
1964 베트남 사회봉사청년학교 설립

틱낫한(베트남어: Thich Nhat Hanh, 釋一行,
1926년 10월 11일)은 베트남 출신의 승려이다.
세계 4대 생불로 추앙받는 유명한 스님이다.
스스로 법화경을 가장 애독한다고 하며,
베트남 임제종(대승불교) 스님이다.
프랑스에서 주로 활동하며, 프랑스에 설립한
플럼 빌리지가 유명하다.
참여 불교를 대표하는 스님으로서, 많은 베스트셀러 저서가 있다.
상즉종(Order of Interbeing, 접현종이라고도 한다)을 만들었다.
Interbeing은 틱낫한이 새로 만든 영어단어인데,
영어 사전에는 등재되어있지 않다.
연기(緣起)를 번역한 단어인데 연기는 이미
pratityasamutpada 라는 단어가 이전부터 존재하고 있다.

남베트남이 패망할 때, 틱낫한은 반전활동으로 인해
남베트남 정부의 요주의 인물로 지목되어 프랑스에 이미
망명해 있던 상태였다.
이 사실 때문에 반대자들은 틱낫한이 남베트남의 반전운동을
확산시켜 남베트남을 패망시키는데 한 역할을 했고,
보트 피플에 대해 무관심했다고 비판을 한다. ...


Thich Nhat Hanh
(born October 11, 1926) is a Vietnamese Buddhist monk,
teacher, author, poet and peace activist who now lives
in France where he was in exile for many years.
Born Nguyen Xuen Bao, Thich Nhat Hanh joined a Zen
(Vietnamese: Thien) monastery at the age of 16,
and studied Buddhism as a novitiate. Upon his
ordination as a monk in 1949, he assumed the Dharma
name Thich Nhat Hanh.
Thich is an honorary family name used by all Vietnamese
monks and nuns, meaning that they are part of the Shakya
(Shakyamuni Buddha) clan.
He is often considered the most influential living
figure in the lineage of Lam Te (Vietnamese Rinzai)
Thien, and perhaps also in Zen Buddhism as a whole.

In the early 1960s, he founded the School of Youth
for Social Services (SYSS) in Saigon.
This grassroots relief organization rebuilt
bombed villages, set up
schools, established medical
centers, and resettled
families left homeless
during the Vietnam War.
He traveled to the U.S. to
study at Princeton
University, and later to
lecture at Cornell
University and Columbia University.

His focus at the time was to urge the U.S.
government to withdraw from
Vietnam. He urged Martin
Luther King, Jr. to publicly
oppose the Vietnam War; King
nominated Hanh for the Nobel
Peace Prize in January 1967.
He created the Order of
Interbeing in 1966,
establishing monastic and
practice centers around the
world. In 1973, the
Vietnamese government denied
Nhat Hanh permission to
return to Vietnam and he
went into exile in France.
From 1976 to 1977 he led
efforts to rescue Vietnamese
boat people in the Gulf of Siam.

Nhat Hanh has become an
important influence in the
development of Western Buddhism.
His teachings and practices
aim to appeal to people from
various religious,
spiritual, and political
backgrounds, intending to
offer mindfulness practices
for more Western sensibilities.
He lives in the Plum Village
Monastery in the Dordogne
region in the South of
France, travelling
internationally to give
retreats and talks. He
coined the term Engaged
Buddhism in his book
Vietnam: Lotus in a Sea of Fire.
A long-term exile, he was
given permission to make his
first return trip to Vietnam
in 2005 and has returned
regularly since. He was
awarded the Courage of
Conscience award in 1991.

Nhat Hanh has published more
than 100 books, including
more than 40 in English. A
journal for the Order of
Interbeing, The Mindfulness
Bell, is published quarterly
which includes a Dharma talk
by him. Nhat Hanh continues
to be active in the peace
movement, promoting non-
violent solutions to
conflict. He has also been
featured in many films,
including The Power of
Forgiveness showcased at the
Dawn Breakers International Film Festival.


Courage of Conscience, Cornell & Columbia, Conflict ~
(PIG: time-variant)

Positive Influence GRADE (PIG): C

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