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드러커-Peter Drucker,교수,작가, 경영학자, USA
피터 드러커 (Peter Ferdinand Drucker)
경영학자, 작가



[출생-사망] 1909년 11월 19일, 오스트리아
- 2005년 11월 11일 (95세)



[학력사항]
~ 1931 프랑크푸르트대학교대학원
법학 박사

[경력사항]
1971 드러커 경영대학원 사회과학부
석좌교수
1950 ~ 1971 미국 뉴욕대학교 경영학부
교수
1947 마셜 플랜 고문
1943 제너럴 모터스(GM) 컨설턴트
1942 ~ 1949 미국 베닝턴대학교 철학,
정치학 교수

[Recommended Youtube Video]


[출생] 1909년 11월 19일
오스트리아 빈
[사망] 2005년 11월 11일, 미국
[국적] 미국
[직업] 작가, 경영학자

피터 퍼디낸드 드러커(Peter Ferdinand
Drucker, 1909년 11월 19일 ~ 2005년 11월
11일)는 오스트리아 빈 출신의 미국인이
며, 작가이자 경영학자였으며 스스로는
“사회생태학자(social ecologist)”라고
불렀다. 그의 저서들은 학문적으로나 대중
적으로 널리 읽혔는데 주로 어떻게 인간이
사업과 정부기관과 비영리단체를 통하여
조직화되는가에 대한 탐구에 관한 내용이었다.

그의 저작들은 20세기 후반의 많은
변화들을 예측하였는데, 이를테면 민영화
와 분권화, 일본 경제의 발전, 사업에서의
마케팅의 중요성, 정보화 사회의 발현과
평생 교육의 필요성들에 대해 역설하였다.
1959년에 그는 지식 노동자라는 개념을
고안하였는데 만년의 그는 다음 세대 경영
에서의 지식 노동의 생산성에 대해 고찰하였다.

[Recommended Youtube Video]


[주장]
대부분의 경영자들이 기업은 무엇인가에 대
한 대답으로 '영리를 추구하는 조직'이라
고 하는 반면 피터 드러커는 '영리를 추구
한다'는 말이 '기업'에 대해 정의하는 데
적합하지 않으며, 기업의 존재 이유는 '고
객'이며 목적은 '시장'이라고 주장했다.
이 주장을 '뉴 포디즘 (New- Fordism)' 이라고 한다.

피터 드러커의 경영관으로 기업의 경영의
중심에 고객을 두고, 근로자를 비용이
아닌 자산으로 인식시키려 했다는 점이
피터 드러커가 현대 경영학에 남긴 가장
큰 업적으로 평가 받고 있다.



[저서]
프리드리히 율리우스 슈탈 : 보수주의적
국가이론과 역사발전(원제 : Fredrich
Julius Stahl, Konservative Staatslehre
und Geschichtliche Entwicklung, 1933년)
경제인의 종말(원제 : The End of
Economic Man, 1939년)
산업인의 미래(원제 : The Future of
Industrial Man, 1942년)
법인의 개념(원제 : Concept of the
Corporation, 1946년)
New Society(원제 : The New Society :
1950년, Harper & Row 출판)
경영의 실제(원제 : The Practice of
Management, 1954년)
America's Next Twenty Years : 1957년
Harper & Row 출판
The Landmarks of Tomorrow : 1959년
Harper & Row 출판
결과를 위한 경영(원제 : Managing for
the Results, 1964년)
목표를 달성하는 경영자(원제 : The
Effective Executive, 1966년)
단절의 시대(원제 : The Age of
Discontinuity, Guidelines to Our
Changing Society, 1969년)
Technology, Management, and Society :
1970년 Harper & Row 출판
Men, Ideas and Politics : 1970년 Harper & Row 출판
피터 드러커 매니지먼트(원제 :
Management: Tasks, Responsibilities, Practices, 1974년)

한국.net

보이지 않는 혁명(원제 : The Unseen
Revolution, How Pension Fund Socialism
Came To America, 1976년)
Management Case Book : 1977년 Harper &
Row 출판
방관자의 시대(원제 : Adventures of a
Bystander, 1979년) (자서전)
Song of the Brush: Japanese Paintings
from the Sanso Collection 1979년
격변기의 경영(원제 : Managing in
Turbulent Times, 1980년)
새로운 경제학을 위하여(원제 : Toward
the Next Economics and Other Essays, 1981년)
The Changing World of the Executive 1982년
가능한 세상의 마지막(원제 : The Last of
All Possible Worlds, 1982년)
The Temptation to Do Good 1984년
혁신과 기업가정신(원제 : Innnovation
and Entrepreneurship, 1985년)
The Discipline of Innovation, Harvard
Business Review, 1985년
경영의 최전선(원제 : The Frontiers of
Management, 1986년)
새로운 현실(원제 : The New Realities, 1989년)
비영리단체의 경영(원제 : Managing the
Non-Profit Organization: Practices and
Principles, 1990년)
생태학적 비전(원제 : The Ecological
Vision, 1992년)
미래기업(원제 : Managing for the
Future: The 1990s and Beyond, 1992년)
자본주의 이후의 사회(원제 : The Post-
Capitalist Society, 1993년)
The Ecological Vision: Reflections on
the American Condition 1993년
자기경영 노트(원제 : The Effective
Executive, 1993)
다섯가지 경영원칙(원제 : five most
important questions, 1993년)
The Theory of the Business, Harvard
Business Review, September-October 1994년
미래의 결단(원제 : Managing in a Time
of Great Change, 1995년)
드러커 온 아시아(원제 : Drucker on
Asia: A Dialogue Between Peter Drucker
and Isao Nakauchi, 1996년)
자본주의 이후 사회의 지식경영자(원제 :
Peter Drucker on the Profession of
Management, 1998년)
성과측정(원제 : Harvard Business Review
on Measuring Corporate Performance, 1998년)
21세기 지식경영(원제 : Management
Challenges for the 21st century, 1999년)
Managing Oneself, Harvard Business
Review, March-April 1999년
프로페셔널의 조건(원제 : The essential Drucker)
Leading in a Time of Change: What it
Will Take to Lead Tomorrow]] (2001년;
with Peter Senge)
The Effective Executive Revised 2002년
They're Not Employees, They're People,
Harvard Business Review, February 2002년
Next Society(원제 : Managing in the
Next Society, 2002년)
경영의 지배 (원제 : A Functioning
Society 2003년)
경영 바이블(원제 :The Daily Drucker:
366 Days of Insight and Motivation for
Getting the Right Things Done 2004년)
What Makes An Effective Executive,
Harvard Business Review, June 2004년
피터 드러커의 자기경영노트 (원제 : The
Effective Executive in Action 2005년)
클래식 드러커(원제 : Classic Drucker 2006년)

[인용문]
"마케팅의 목적은 소비자들의 충족되지
못한 욕구를 발견하고, 그것을 충족시킬
방법을 마련하여 판매를 불필요하게 하는 것"



피터 드러커는,
20세기 경영학의 거장.
2005년 11월,
만 96세로 타계...

경영자는,
넓게, 좁게, 다보는 능력이
있어야...

지식근로자는,
일을 집중적으로, 우선순위를
정해서 하라.
효과적으로 일하는 습관을
가지고,
이는 학습으로 습득해...

상사는 가장 중요한 고객.
과소평가해선 안 되고,
훌륭한 상사가 되는 비법은,
조직을 강점위에다 구축하라.

전체 흐름파악을 위한 정보
분석,
끊임없는 진리탐구의
열정과 능력,
이젠 블루카라에서
지식근로자로...
2030년까지 지식근로자가
지배하는 사회.

혁신과 개선.
창조성의 핵심은,
새로운 조합을 만들어 내는 것.
시간의 80%를 1~2가지 중요한
일에 집중해야...

경영은 철학이 아니고,
성과를 올리기 위한 실전 행동.
숫자를 만들고,
숫자를 책임져야...

경영자의 파워는,
지혜,
능력,
업적에서 나온다.

지식근로자는,
학습과 지식연마를
부지런히 해야...
5년이 지나면, 잘못된 방법이
될 수도 있어.
지식의 반감기와 감가상각이
빨라지고 있어.

지식을,
생산적으로,
사용할 수 있는 능력과,
지속적인 학습 능력과 열정이
중요해...

목표에 대한,
자기관리 MBO...
집중적 시간 사용만이
성과를 가져와...

평생,
2~3개 직업.
옆으로도 지식영역을
확대해야...

인생은 후반전,
KFC창업자 켄터키는 65세에
사업 시작하여
8년 만에 650여개의 점포
창업하고,
맥도널드는 1954년 레이몬드
클락이 52세에 시작해...

[Recommended Youtube Video]


======================================

Peter Drucker

[Born] November 19, 1909
Kaasgraben, Vienna, Austria-Hungary

[Died] November 11, 2005 (aged 95)
Claremont, California

[Alma mater] University of Frankfurt
[Occupation]
Management consultant, educator and author
[Awards]
Presidential Medal of Freedom (2002)

Peter Ferdinand Drucker (November 19,
1909 – November 11, 2005) was an
Austrian-born American management
consultant, educator, and author, whose
writings contributed to the
philosophical and practical foundations
of the modern business corporation. He
was also a leader in the development of
management education, he invented the
concept known as management by
objectives and self-control, and he has
been described as "the founder of
modern management".

[Recommended Youtube Video]


[Introduction]
Drucker's books and scholarly and
popular articles explored how humans
are organized across the business,
government, and nonprofit sectors of
society. He is one of the best-known
and most widely influential thinkers
and writers on the subject of
management theory and practice. His
writings have predicted many of the
major developments of the late
twentieth century, including
privatization and decentralization; the
rise of Japan to economic world power;
the decisive importance of marketing;
and the emergence of the information
society with its necessity of lifelong learning.

In 1959, Drucker coined the term “knowledge worker,"
and later in his life considered knowledge-worker
productivity to be the next frontier of
management. Peter Drucker gave his name
to three institutions: the Drucker
Institute and the Peter F. Drucker and
Masatoshi Ito Graduate School of
Management, both at Claremont Graduate
University, and the Peter F. Drucker
Academy. The annual Global Peter
Drucker Forum in his hometown of
Vienna, honors his legacy.

[Biography]
Peter Drucker was of Jewish descent on
both sides of his family, but his
parents converted to Christianity and
lived in what he referred to as
a "liberal" Lutheran Protestant
household in Austria-Hungary. His
mother Caroline Bondi had studied
medicine and his father Adolf Drucker
was a lawyer and high-level civil servant.

Drucker was born in Vienna, Austria,
in a small village named Kaasgraben
(now part of the 19th district of Vienna-Dobling).
He grew up in a home where intellectuals, high
government officials, and scientists
would meet to discuss new ideas. These
included Joseph Schumpeter, Friedrich
Hayek and Ludwig von Mises. Hans Kelsen
was his uncle.

After graduating from Dobling Gymnasium
in 1927, Drucker found few
opportunities for employment in post-
World War I Vienna, so he moved to
Hamburg, Germany, first working as an
apprentice at an established cotton
trading company, then as a journalist,
writing for Der Osterreichische
Volkswirt (The Austrian Economist).
Drucker then moved to Frankfurt, where
he took a job at the Daily Frankfurter
General-Anzeiger. While in Frankfurt,
he also earned a doctorate in
international law and public law from
the University of Frankfurt in 1931.

In 1933, Drucker left Germany for
England. In London, he worked for an
insurance company, then as the chief
economist at a private bank. He also
reconnected with Doris Schmitz, an
acquaintance from the University of
Frankfurt, and they married in 1934.
The couple permanently relocated to the
United States, where he became a
university professor as well as a
freelance writer and business consultant.

In 1943, Drucker became a naturalized
citizen of the United States. He then
had a distinguished career as a
teacher, first as a professor of
politics and philosophy at Bennington
College from 1942 to 1949, then twenty-
two years at New York University as a
Professor of Management from 1950 to 1971.

Drucker went to California in 1971,
where he developed one of the country's
first executive MBA programs for
working professionals at Claremont
Graduate University (then known as
Claremont Graduate School). From 1971
until his death, he was the Clarke
Professor of Social Science and
Management at Claremont.

Claremont Graduate University's management school
was named the Peter F. Drucker Graduate
School of Management in his honor in
1987 (later renamed the Peter F.
Drucker and Masatoshi Ito Graduate
School of Management). He established
the Drucker Archives at Claremont
Graduate University in 1999; the
Archives became the Drucker Institute
in 2006. Drucker taught his last class
in 2002 at age 92. He continued to act
as a consultant to businesses and non-
profit organizations well into his nineties.

Drucker died November 11, 2005 in
Claremont, California of natural causes
at 95. He had four children and is the
grandfather of tech entrepreneur Nova
Spivack, one of six grandchildren.
Drucker's wife Doris died in October
2014 at the age of 103.

[Books by Drucker]
1939: The End of Economic Man (New
York: The John Day Company)
1942: The Future of Industrial Man (New
York: The John Day Company)
1946: Concept of the Corporation (New
York: The John Day Company)
1950: The New Society (New York: Harper
& Brothers)
1954: The Practice of Management (New
York: Harper & Brothers)
1957: America's Next Twenty Years (New
York: Harper & Brothers)
1959: Landmarks of Tomorrow (New York:
Harper & Brothers)
1964: Managing for Results (New York:
Harper & Row)
1967: The Effective Executive (New
York: Harper & Row)
1969: The Age of Discontinuity (New
York: Harper & Row)
1970: Technology, Management and
Society (New York: Harper & Row)
1971: The New Markets and Other Essays
(London: William Heinemann Ltd.)
1971: Men, Ideas and Politics (New
York: Harper & Row)
1971: Drucker on Management (London:
Management Publications Limited)
1973: Management: Tasks,
Responsibilities, Practices' (New York:
Harper & Row)
1976: The Unseen Revolution: How
Pension Fund Socialism Came to America
(New York: Harper & Row)
1977: People and Performance: The Best
of Peter Drucker on Management (New
York: Harper's College Press)
1978: Adventures of a Bystander (New
York: Harper & Row)
1980: Managing in Turbulent Times (New
York: Harper & Row)
1981: Toward the Next Economics and
Other Essays (New York: Harper & Row)
1982: The Changing World of Executive
(New York: Harper & Row)
1982: The Last of All Possible Worlds
(New York: Harper & Row)
1984: The Temptation to Do Good
(London: William Heinemann Ltd.)
1985: Innovation and Entrepreneurship
(New York: Harper & Row)
1986: The Frontiers of Management:
Where Tomorrow's Decisions are Being
Shaped Today (New York: Truman Talley
Books/E.D. Dutton)
1989: The New Realities: in Government
and Politics, in Economics and
Business, in Society and World View
(New York: Harper & Row)
1990: Managing the Nonprofit
Organization: Practices and Principles
(New York: Harper Collins)
1992: Managing for the Future (New
York: Harper Collins)
1993: The Ecological Vision (New
Brunswick, NJ and London: Transaction
Publishers)
1993: Post-Capitalist Society (New
York: HarperCollins)
1995: Managing in a Time of Great
Change (New York: Truman Talley
Books/Dutton)
1997: Drucker on Asia: A Dialogue
between Peter Drucker and Isao Nakauchi
(Tokyo: Diamond Inc.)
1998: Peter Drucker on the Profession
of Management (Boston: Harvard Business
School Publishing)
1999: Management Challenges for 21st
Century (New York: Harper Business)
1999: Managing Oneself (Boston: Harvard
Business School Publishing) [published
2008 from article in Harvard Business
Review]
2001: The Essential Drucker (New York:
Harper Business)
2002: Managing in the Next Society (New
York: Truman Talley Books/St. Martin’s
Press)
2002: A Functioning Society (New
Brunswick, NJ and London: Transaction
Publishers)
2004: The Daily Drucker (New York:
Harper Business)
2008 (posthumous): The Five Most
Important Questions (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass)

[Other Drucker publications]
[Monographs]
1932: The Justification of
International Law and the Will of the
State (Doctoral dissertation)
1933: Friedrich Julius Stahl,
Conservative Political Theory &
Historical Development (Tubingen: Mohr)
1936: The Jewish Question in Germany
(Wien: Gsur)

[Contributing writer]
1961: Power and Democracy in America
(Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press
Publishers)
1969: Preparing Tomorrow’s Business
Leaders Today (Englewood Cliffs, NJ:
Prentice Hall)
1979: Song of the Brus: Japanese
Painting from Sanso Collection
(Seattle: Seattle Art Museum)
1988: "Handbook of Management by
Objectives" Bill Reddin and Denis Ryan
(Published by Tata Mcgraw-Hill in New Delhi).
1991: The Rise of NEC (Blackwell Business)

[Miscellaneous]
1977: An Introductory View of
Management (New York: Harper & Row)
1977 (revised edition, 2009):
Management Cases (New York: Harper &
Row)
2006: The Effective Executive In Action
with Joseph A. Maciariello (New York:
HarperCollins)
2006: Classic Drucker (Boston: Harvard
Business Review Press)
2008 (posthumous): Management: Revised
with sujog arya (New York:
HarperCollins)

(from naver.com wikipedia.org, 추천 유튜브 동영상,
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