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폴락-Sydney Pollack,영화감독,배우,Director,USA
시드니 폴락 (Sydney Pollack) 영화감독, 영화배우
게자리 개띠

한국.net

[출생-사망] 1934년 7월 1일, 미국 -
2008년 5월 26일 (73세)



[신체] 183cm

[데뷔] 1962년 영화 '워 헌트'

[경력사항]
1986 제39회 칸영화제 심사위원장
1973 제26회 칸영화제 심사위원

[수상내역]
1986 제58회 아카데미 시상식 작품상, 감독상
1986 제43회 골든글로브 시상식 작품상
1983 제40회 골든글로브 시상식 작품상
1982 제47회 뉴욕 비평가 협회상 감독상

한국.net

시드니 폴락 (Sydney Pollack, 1934년 7월 1일 ~
2008년 5월 26일)은 아카데미상을 수상한 미국의 영화 감독,
제작자, 배우이다. 21편의 영화와 10편의 텔레비전 프로그램을
감독하고, 30편에 직접 출연했으며, 44편을 제작했다.
아웃 오브 아프리카, 투씨 등의 감독으로 유명하다.

2008년 5월 26일 미국 캘리포니아주 퍼시픽펠리세이즈에 있는
자택에서 지병인 암으로 사망하였다.

한국.net

[경력]
1962년 로버트 레드퍼드와 함께 출연한 전쟁 사냥꾼에
배우로 출연 하면서 영화경력을 시작하였다.
이후 TV연출자 생활을 거쳐 슬렌더 스레드로 감독 데뷰를 하였다.
아메리칸 뉴시네마의 주요작품중 하나인 누가 말을 쏘았나
이후 투씨, 아웃 오브 아프리카등의 연출로 아카데미상을 받았다.

한국.net

1970년대에 들어서 자신이 소유한 미라지 프로덕션에서
자신의 영화와 케네스 브래너의 킹랄프, 스티브 클로브스의
사랑의 행로등을 제작했다. 로버트 올트먼의 더 플레이어에
배우로 출연함으로써 연기를 다시하였고, 이후 죽어야 사는 여자,
우디 알렌의 부부일기 등에 출연하였다.

[감독]
2005년: 인터프리터 (The Interpreter)
1999년: 랜덤 하트 (Random Hearts)
1995년: 사브리나 (Sabrina)



1993년: 야망의 함정 (The Firm)
1985년: 아웃 오브 아프리카 (Out Of Africa)



1982년: 투씨 (Tootsie)



1981년: 폴 뉴먼의 선택 (Absence of Malice)
1979년: 일렉트릭 호스맨 (The Electric Horseman)
1977년: 바비 디필드 (Bobby Deerfield)



1975년: 코드 네임 콘돌 (Three Days of The Condor)
1975년: 암흑가의 결투 (The Yakuza)
1973년: 추억 (The Way We Were)



1972년: 제레미아 존슨 (Jeremiah Johnson)
1969년: 고성을 사수하라 (Castle Keep)
1969년: 그들은 말을 쏘았다 (They Shoot Horses, Don't They?)
1966년: 저주받은 재산 (This Property is Condemned)
1965년: 가는 실 (The Slender Thread)

-----------------------------------------------------

시드니 폴락 [Sydney Pollack]

한국.net

[요약]
미국의 배우 겸 영화감독. 《추억》, 《콘돌》등의 작품을 만들었다.
1985년 《아웃 오브 아프리카》를 만들어 작품상과 감독상을
포함해 아카데미 7개 부문을 수상했다.
《야망의 함정》을 감독했고 《랜덤 하트》의 연출자 등
다방면에 걸쳐 꾸준히 활동하였다.

[주요수상] 아카데미 감독상(1986)

[주요작품]
《추억》(1973), 《콘돌》(1975), 《아웃 오브 아프리카》(1985),
《하바나》(1990)

1934년 7월 1일 미국 인디애나주 라피엣(Lafayette)에서 출생하였다.
뉴욕에서 연기수업을 받은 뒤 한동안 배우로 활동하다가
1950년대 후반 군 복무를 마치고 LA로 건너가서 TV연출자로
새로운 인생을 시작하였다.
드라마 시리즈와 코미디 프로그램 등을 연출하며 경력을 쌓은 후
1965년 감독 데뷔작 《가는 실 The Slender Thread》을 발표한
시드니 폴락은 배우들의 연기를 잘 이끌어냈다는 평가를 받으며
계속해서 영화연출의 기회를 잡게 되었고,



이후 배우 시절에 《워 헌트 War Hunt》(1962)에서 같이 공연하며
친해진 로버트 레드포드(Robert Redford)와 손잡고
《추억 The Way We Were》(1973), 《콘돌 Three Days of the Condor》
(1975) 등을 만들었다.

1985년 작품상과 감독상을 포함, 아카데미 7개 부문을 수상한
《아웃 오브 아프리카 Out of Africa》의 성공으로
최고의 자리에 오른 시드니 폴락은 다음 작품
《하바나 Havana》(1990)의 흥행 참패로 한순간 밑바닥으로
떨어지면서 몇 년간 연출에서 손을 놓고 다시 배우활동을
시작하였다. 로버트 올트먼(Robert Altman)의
《플레이어 The Player》(1992), 우디 앨런(Woody Allen)의
《부부 일기 Husbands and Wives》(1992) 등에 비중있는
조연으로 출연한 시드니 폴락은 1993년 톰 크루즈(Tom Cruise)
주연의 《야망의 함정 The Firm》으로 다시 감독에 복귀,
이후 《사브리나 Sabrina》(1995)와 《랜덤 하트 Random Hearts》
(1999)의 연출자, 《슬라이딩 도어즈 Sliding Doors》
(1998)의 제작자, 《시빌 액션 A Civil Action》(1998)과
《아이즈 와이드 셧 Eyes Wide Shut》(1999)의 출연 등으로
다방면에 걸쳐 꾸준한 활동을 펼쳤다.

한국.net

=====================================================

Sydney Pollack

[Born] Sydney Irwin Pollack
July 1, 1934
Lafayette, Indiana, U.S.

[Died] May 26, 2008 (aged 73)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.

[Cause of death] Cancer

[Occupation] Actor, producer, director

[Years active] 1950–2008

[Spouse(s)] Claire Bradley Griswold (m. 1958)
[Children] 3

Sydney Irwin Pollack (July 1, 1934 – May 26, 2008) was
an American film director, producer, and actor.
Pollack directed more than 20 films and 10 television shows,
acted in over 30 films or shows, and produced over 44 films.
His 1985 film Out of Africa won him Academy Awards
for directing and producing; he was also nominated
for Best Director Oscars for They Shoot Horses,
Don't They? (1969) and Tootsie (1982) in which he also appeared.

Some of his other best known works include
Jeremiah Johnson (1972), The Way We Were (1973),
Three Days of the Condor (1975) and Absence of Malice (1981).
His subsequent films included Havana (1990), The Firm (1993),
The Interpreter (2005), and he produced and acted
in Michael Clayton (2007).

[Early life]
Sydney Pollack was born in Lafayette, Indiana,
to a family of Russian Jewish immigrants,
the son of Rebecca (née Miller) and David Pollack,
a semi-professional boxer and pharmacist.
The family relocated to South Bend and his parents
divorced when he was young. His mother, who suffered
from alcoholism and emotional problems, died at the age
of 37 while Pollack was a student.

Despite earlier plans to attend college and then medical school,
Pollack left Indiana for New York City soon after
finishing high school at age 17.
Pollack studied acting with Sanford Meisner
at the Neighborhood Playhouse School of the Theatre
from 1952–54, working on a lumber truck between terms.

After two years army service, ending in 1958,
he returned to the Playhouse at Meisner’s invitation
to become his assistant. In 1960, John Frankenheimer,
a friend of Pollack, asked him to come to Los Angeles
in order to work as a dialogue coach for the child actors on
Frankenheimer's first big picture, The Young Savages.
It was during this time that Pollack met Burt Lancaster
who encouraged the young actor to try directing.

[Career]
Pollack played a director in The Twilight Zone episode
"The Trouble with Templeton" in 1961. But he found his
real success in television in the 1960s by directing
episodes of series, such as The Fugitive and
The Alfred Hitchcock Hour.
After doing TV he made the jump into film with
a string of movies that drew public attention.
His film-directing debut was The Slender Thread (1965).
Over time, Pollack's films received a total of 48 Academy Award
nominations, winning 11 Oscars. His first Oscar nomination
was for his 1969 film They Shoot Horses, Don't They?,
and his second in 1982 for Tootsie.
For his 1985 film Out of Africa starring Meryl Streep
and Robert Redford, Pollack won Academy Awards
for directing and producing.

During his career, he directed 12 different actors
in Oscar-nominated performances: Jane Fonda,
Gig Young, Susannah York, Barbra Streisand,
Paul Newman, Melinda Dillon, Jessica Lange,
Dustin Hoffman, Teri Garr, Meryl Streep, Klaus Maria
Brandauer and Holly Hunter. Only Young and
Lange won Oscars for their performances in one of Pollack's films.

His disputes with Hoffman during the filming of Tootsie
became well known. Eventually Hoffman began pushing
the idea that Pollack play the role of his agent,
and Pollack reluctantly agreed despite not having had
any film roles in 20 years. Their off-screen relationship added
authenticity to their scenes in the movie,
most of which feature them arguing. Pollack subsequently
took on more acting roles in addition to producing
and directing. He appeared as himself in the documentary
One Six Right, describing his joy in owning and piloting
his Cessna Citation X jet aircraft.

One of a select group of non- and/or former actors
awarded membership in The Actors Studio, Pollack resumed
acting in the 1990s with appearances in such films
as The Player (1992) and Eyes Wide Shut (1999),
often playing corrupt or morally conflicted power figures.
As a character actor, Pollack appeared in films such as
A Civil Action, and Changing Lanes, as well as his own,
including Random Hearts and The Interpreter
(the latter also being his final film as a director).
He also appeared in Woody Allen's Husbands and Wives
as a New York lawyer undergoing a midlife crisis,
and in Robert Zemeckis's Death Becomes Her as an
emergency room doctor. His last role was as
Patrick Dempsey's father in the 2008 romantic comedy Made
of Honor, which was playing in theaters at the time
of his death. He was a recurring guest star
on the NBC sitcom Will & Grace, playing Will Truman's
(Eric McCormack) unfaithful but loving father, George Truman.
In addition to earlier appearances on NBC's Just Shoot Me
and Mad About You, in 2007, Pollack made guest appearances
on the HBO TV series The Sopranos and Entourage.

Pollack received the first annual Extraordinary Contribution
to Filmmaking award from the Austin Film Festival
on October 21, 2006. As a producer he helped to guide many
films that were successful with both critics and movie audiences,
such as The Fabulous Baker Boys, The Talented Mr. Ripley,
and Michael Clayton, a film in which he also starred
opposite George Clooney, and for which he received
his sixth Academy Award nomination, in the Best Picture category.
He formed a production company called Mirage Enterprises' with
the English director Anthony Minghella. The last film they produced
together, The Reader, earned them both posthumous Oscar
nominations for Best Picture. Besides his many feature film laurels,
Pollack was nominated for five Primetime Emmys, earning two -one for
directing in 1966, and another for producing, which was given
posthumously four months after his death in 2008.

The moving image collection of Sydney Pollack is housed
at the Academy Film Archive.

[Influences]
In the 2002 Sight and Sound Directors' Poll,
Pollack revealed his top ten films: Casablanca, Citizen Kane,
The Conformist, The Godfather Part II, Grand Illusion,
The Leopard, Once Upon a Time in America,
Raging Bull, The Seventh Seal, and Sunset Boulevard.

[Family]
Pollack's brother, Bernie, is a costume designer,
producer, and actor.

Pollack was married to Claire Bradley Griswold,
a former student of his, from 1958 until his death in 2008.
They had three children: Steven (1959), Rebecca (1963),
and Rachel (1969). In 1993, Steven died at the age
of 34 in the crash of a small, single-engine plane
which clipped a power line and burst into flames.
Claire, Polack's wife, died on March 28, 2011
at 74 years of age, due to Parkinson's Disease.

[Death]
Concerns about Pollack's health surfaced in 2007,
when he withdrew from directing HBO's television
film Recount, which aired on May 25, 2008.
Pollack died the next day at his home in Los Angeles
surrounded by his family who confirmed that cancer was
the cause of death but declined to provide specifics.
His body was cremated, and his ashes were scattered
along the runway at the Van Nuys Airport in Los Angeles.

(from naver.com wikipedia.org 네이버 지식백과 두산백과)


Best picture, Best director, Oscar nominations~

Positive Influence GRADE (PIG): Bo


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