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엘가-Edward Elgar,작곡가,Composer,England
에드워드 엘가 [Edward Elgar ]

[출생-사망] 1857년 6월 2일~1934년 2월 23일 (76세)

[요약] 영국의 작곡가로 오라토리오 《제론티어
스의 꿈》으로 국제적인 명성을 떨치고 준 남작
(男爵)의 작위를 받았다. 후기낭만파에 가까운
작풍으로 《수수께끼》, 《팔스타프》 등의 작품을 남겼다.

[Recommended Youtube Video]

[국적] 영국
[활동분야] 예술

[출생지] 영국 잉글랜드 우스터

《수수께끼》(1898) 《제론티어스의 꿈》(1900)

[Recommended Youtube Video]

잉글랜드 우스터 출생. 가톨릭교회 오르간 연주
자의 아들로 태어나 한때 아버지의 권유로 변호
사 사무실에 근무하였으나, 음악에 대한 집념을
버리지 못하고 독학으로 각종 악기의 연주법과
작곡법을 습득하였다.

1880년경부터 직업음악가로 활동하기 시작하여
1900년 오라토리오 《제론티어스의 꿈》으로 파
셀 이후 국제적인 명성을 떨치고, 31년 준 남작
(男爵)의 작위를 받았다.

[Recommended Youtube Video]

작풍은 후기낭만파에 가까우며 대표작에 전기 오
라토리오 외에 관현악변주곡 《수수께끼》
(1898), 교향시 《팔스타프》(1913) 등이 있다.


제1대 엘가 준남작 에드워드 엘가(Sir Edward
Elgar, 1st Baronet, OM, GCVO, 1857년 6월 2일
~ 1934년 2월 23일)는 영국의 낭만주의 작곡가이다.

[Recommended Youtube Video]

잉글랜드의 우스터 근교에서 태어난 엘가는
피아노 조율사였던 아버지 밑에서 태어나 거의
독학으로 음악을 배웠다. 그가 처음 음악가로서
인정을 받게 된 것은 1899년 발표한 《수수께끼
변주곡》부터였다. 이후 《제론티우스의 꿈》,
《남국에서》, 《서주와 알레그로》, 《바이올
린 소나타》, 《첼로 협주곡》등의 걸작들을 남겼다.

그의 곡들 중 대중들에게 가장 널리 알려진
것은 1901년에 작곡한 《위풍당당 행진곡》이다.

[Recommended Youtube Video]

1904년 기사작위(Knight Bachelor) 서임
1911년 메리트 훈장(OM)
1928년 로열 빅토리아 훈장 2등급(KCVO, 작위급 훈장)
1931년 준남작(1st Baronet of Broadheath)으로 승작
1933년 로열 빅토리아 훈장 1등급(GCVO, 작위급 훈장)

[Recommended Youtube Video]


Sir Edward William Elgar, 1st Baronet OM
GCVO (2 June 1857 – 23 February 1934)
was an English composer, many of whose works
have entered the British and international
classical concert repertoire. Among his best-
known compositions are orchestral works
including the Enigma Variations, the Pomp
and Circumstance Marches, concertos for
violin and cello, and two symphonies. He
also composed choral works, including The
Dream of Gerontius, chamber music and songs.
He was appointed Master of the King's Musick in 1924.

[Recommended Youtube Video]

Although Elgar is often regarded as a
typically English composer, most of his
musical influences were not from England but
from continental Europe. He felt himself to
be an outsider, not only musically, but
socially. In musical circles dominated by
academics, he was a self-taught composer; in
Protestant Britain, his Roman Catholicism
was regarded with suspicion in some
quarters; and in the class-conscious society
of Victorian and Edwardian Britain, he was
acutely sensitive about his humble origins
even after he achieved recognition.

He nevertheless married the daughter of a
senior British army officer. She inspired
him both musically and socially, but he
struggled to achieve success until his
forties, when after a series of moderately
successful works his Enigma Variations
(1899) became immediately popular in Britain and overseas.

[Recommended Youtube Video]

He followed the Variations with a choral work,
The Dream of Gerontius (1900), based on a
Roman Catholic text that caused some disquiet
in the Anglican establishment in Britain,
but it became, and has remained,
a core repertory work in Britain and elsewhere.
His later full-length religious choral works were well
received but have not entered the regular repertory.


In his fifties, Elgar composed a symphony
and a violin concerto that were immensely
successful. His second symphony and his
cello concerto did not gain immediate public
popularity and took many years to achieve a
regular place in the concert repertory of
British orchestras. Elgar's music came, in
his later years, to be seen as appealing
chiefly to British audiences. His stock
remained low for a generation after his
death. It began to revive significantly in
the 1960s, helped by new recordings of his
works. Some of his works have, in recent
years, been taken up again internationally,
but the music continues to be played more in
Britain than elsewhere.


Elgar has been described as the first
composer to take the gramophone seriously.
Between 1914 and 1925, he conducted a series
of acoustic recordings of his works. The
introduction of the moving-coil microphone
in 1923 made far more accurate sound
reproduction possible, and Elgar made new
recordings of most of his major orchestral
works and excerpts from The Dream of Gerontius.

(from 네이버 지식백과 두산백과

Composer, Classic, Concerto ~
(PIG: time-variant)

Positive Influence GRADE (PIG): Co

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