CCG 칼망 Jeanne Calment
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칼망-Jeanne Calment,122세,(공식)최장수,France
칼망-Jeanne Louise Calment, 122세-(공식)최장수, France
[출생-사망] 1875년 2월 21일 ~ 1997년 8월 4일 (122세)

잔 루이즈 칼망(Jeanne Louise Calment,
1875년 2월 21일 ~ 1997년 8월 4일)은
공식 기록 사상 최장수 인물로, 122년 164
일(총 44,724일)간 산 프랑스 여성이다.
(이 기록은 1999년판 기네스북에 등재되었다)
그녀의 오빠는 97세, 아버지는 94세,
어머니는 86세까지 살았다고 한다.

잔 칼망은 건강 상태 또한 좋았다. 85세부
터 펜싱을 시작했고, 110세까지 자전거를
탔다. 그리고 21세부터 117세까지 흡연했
다. 110세 즈음에 건강에 이상이 생겨 진찰
을 받은 결과 치매로 판정받았지만, 사실
은 그녀가 희귀한 프랑스 사투리만을 쓴다
는 사실이 뒤늦게 밝혀졌다. 이 방언을 아
는 한 의사가 말을 걸었더니 놀랍게도 그녀
는 지적인 민첩성을 그대로 유지하고 있었
다. 당시 그녀는 청각, 시각, 촉각을 거의
잃어버린 상태였다.

114세에 영화 《Vincent and Me》에 출연
해 사상 최연장의 여배우로도 기록되었다.
1995년에 그녀의 삶에 대한 프랑스 다큐멘
터리 영화 《Beyond 120 Years with
Jeanne Calment》가 개봉되었다.

잔 칼망이 1997년에 122세로
죽은 뒤, 캐나다의 117세된
여성 마리-루이즈 메일뢰르(Marie-Louise Meilleur)가
세계 최고령자가 되었다.


세계 최장수 노인이 사망했다.
1870년 생인 음바 고토(Mbah Gotho·인도네시아 국적) 씨는
2016년 연말 만 146세 생일을 지내 세계 최장수 기록을
이어가던 중 2017년 4월 30일 사망했다.

2017년 5월 1일 현지 언론에 따르면
인도네시아 경찰이 중부 자바섬에 사는 고토 씨가
4월 30일 자택 근처 병원에서 숨을 거뒀다고 밝혔다.
그의 주민등록상 생일은 1870년 12월 31일이다.

(공식)기록상 122년을 살았던 프랑스 여성
잔 칼망(1875~1997)보다 24년을 더 살다 갔다.
그가 태어난 1870년은 일제강점기보다 훨씬 이전이며
심지어 임오군란(1882년)과 동학농민운동(1894년)보다도 빠르다.
고토 씨와 동갑내기인 역사상 유명인물로는
태극기를 만든 박영효와 러시아 볼셰비키 혁명의
주역 블라디미르 레닌이 있다.

(from 위 SNS3)


Jeanne Calment

[Born] Jeanne Louise Calment
21 February 1875
Arles, France

[Died] 4 August 1997
(aged 122 years, 164 days)
Arles, France

[Cause of death]
Natural causes
[Nationality] French
[Known for]
•Longest confirmed lifespan since
11 May 1990 •Only verified person
to reach the age of 120
•First verified person to reach
the ages of 116, 117, 118, 119, 120,
121, and 122

Fernand Calment (lived:
1868–1942; married:

Jeanne Louise Calment
(21 February 1875 – 4 August
1997) was a French supercentenarian who
has the longest confirmed human
lifespan on record, living to the age
of 122 years, 164 days. She lived in
Arles, France, for her entire life,
outliving both her daughter and
grandson by several decades. Calment
became especially well known from the
age of 113, when the centenary of
Vincent van Gogh's visit brought
reporters to Arles. Her lifespan has
been thoroughly documented by
scientific study.

[Health and lifestyle]
Calment's remarkable health presaged
her later record. At age 85 (1960), she
took up fencing, and continued to ride
her bicycle up until her 100th
birthday. She was reportedly neither
athletic nor fanatical about her
health. Calment lived on her own until
shortly before her 110th birthday, when
it was decided that she needed to be
moved to a nursing home after starting
a small fire in her house, caused by a
cooking accident, which has been
attributed to complications with sight.
However, Calment was still in good
shape, and continued to walk until she
fractured her femur during a fall at
age 114 years 11 months (January 1990),
which required surgery.

Calment smoked cigarettes from the age
of 21 (1896) to 117 (1992), though
according to an unspecified source, she
smoked no more than two cigarettes per
day towards the end of her life. After
her operation, Calment needed to use a
wheelchair. In 1994, age 119, she
weighed 45 kilograms (99 lb).

Calment ascribed her longevity and
relatively youthful appearance for her
age to a diet rich in olive oil (which
she also rubbed onto her skin), as well
as a diet of port wine, and ate nearly
one kilogram (2.2 lb) of chocolate
every week. She also credited her
calmness, saying, "That's why they call
me Calment." Calment reportedly
remained mentally intact until her very end.

On 4 August 1997, around 10 AM Central
European Time Calment died, aged 122.
After her death, 116-year-old Marie-
Louise Meilleur became the oldest
recognized living person.

[Record breaking]
This section needs additional citations
for verification. Please help improve
this article by adding citations to
reliable sources. Unsourced material
may be challenged and removed. (June 2015)

After her 1988 interview, at age 113,
Calment was given the Guinness
title "world's oldest living person".
However, in 1989, the title was
withdrawn and given to Carrie C. White
of Florida, who claimed to have been
born in 1874, although this has been
discounted by subsequent census
research. On White's death on 14
February 1991, Calment, then a week shy
of 116, became the oldest recognized living person.

On 17 October 1995, Calment reached 120
years and 238 days to become
the "oldest person ever" according to
Guinness, surpassing Shigechiyo Izumi
of Japan, whose claim (120 years 237
days old at the time of his death on 21
February 1986, Calment's 111th
birthday) has since been discounted.
Calment was believed to have been the
first person verified to have reached
115 years of age, although Augusta
Holtz has since been verified to have
reached this age before her.

Exceeding any other longevity case
reported, Calment establishes the
record as the most-verifiable
supercentenarian ever recorded.
Beginning with the 1876 census (Calment
is listed as a one-year-old), she was
indexed within fourteen census
documents until 1975 (conducted
sometime after she celebrated her 100th
birthday). She was still managing
independently at the time.


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