Name 사라사테 Sarasate
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사라사테-Pablo de Sarasate, Violinist, Spain
파블로 데 사라사테 (Pablo de Sarasate)
바이올리니스트, 작곡가



[출생-사망] 1844년 3월 10일, 스페인 -
1908년 9월 20일 (64세)
[학력사항]
파리국립음악원

파블로 데 사라사테(Pablo de Sarasate,
1844년 3월 10일 ~ 1908년 9월 20일)는
스페인의 바이올린 연주자이자 작곡가이다.
19세기의 가장 뛰어난 바이올리니스트의 한 사람이다.


[일생]
사라사테는 스페인의 팜플로나에서
출생해, 마드리드에서 음악공부를 받고,
1856년 여왕 이사벨라 2세와 나바라주의
장학금으로 파리 음악원(Conservatoire de
Paris)에 입학하여 알라르의 가르침을 받았
다. 어려서부터 관중들 앞에서 연주한
그는 1860년 파리무대에 데뷔했고 이듬해
인 1861년 런던에서 데뷔했다.
그는 유럽 각지와 남, 북아메리카에 걸친
대 연주여행을 하여 성공을 거두고,
파가니니(1782∼1840) 이래의 바이올린의
대가로서 명성을 떨쳤다.


1870년에 그는 다시 파리로 돌아와 활발한
연주 활동을 계속하였다. 프랑스의 작곡가
랄로는 그의 최초의 '바이올린 협주곡
1번' 과 '스페인 교향곡'을 그에게
헌정하였고 생상스도 '서주와 론도 카프리
치오소'를, 독일의 작곡가 브루흐(1838∼
1920)도 '바이올린 협주곡 제2번' 과
'스코틀랜드 환상곡'을 그를 위해 썼다.


폭넓은 비브라토와 개성적인 리듬의
연주는 세계 여러 나라의 청중들을
열광시켰다. 그의 작품은 주로 바이올린
곡으로서 <치고이너바이젠>,
<카르멘 환상곡>, <에스파냐 무곡> 등의
명곡이 있다.



[사라사테의 작품목록]
카르멘 환상곡 Op.25 (1840년)
에스파냐 무곡 Op.21,22,23,26
치고이너바이젠

Op 1. Fantasy on La forza del destino
Op 2. Homenaje a Rossini
Op 3. Concert Fantasy on Boieldieus La Dame Blanche,
Op 4. Reverie
Op 5. Concert Fantasy on Gounods Romeo and Juliet,
Op 6. Caprice on Mireille
Op 7. Confidences
Op 8. Souvenir de Domont
Op 9. Les Adieux
Op 10. Serenade Andalouse
Op 11. Le sommeil
Op 12. Moscovienne


Op 13. Concert Fantasy on Gounods Faust
Op 14. Concert Fantasy on Webers Der Freischutz
Op 15. Mosaique de Zampa
Op 16. Gavota on Mignon
Op 17. Priere at Berceuse
Op 18. Airs espagnols
Op 19. Fantasy on Martha
Op 20. Zigeunerweisen


Op 21. Spanish Dances for Violin and Piano

Op 21-1. Malaguena


Op 22. Spanish Dances for Violin and Piano


Op 22-1. Romanza andaluza
Op 22-2. Jota Navarra
Op 23. Spanish Dances for Violin and Piano
Op 23-1. PlayeraOp 23-2. Zapateado


Op 24. Caprice basque


Op 25. Carmen Fantasy for Violin and Orchestra
Op 26. Spanish Dances for Violin and Piano
Op 26-1. Dance in C
Op 26-2. Dance in C
Op 27. Jota aragonesa, for violin & piano
Op 28. Serenade andalouse, for violin & piano
Op 29. El Canto del ruisenor, for violin & orchestra
Op 30. Bolero for Violin and Piano
Op 31. Balada
Op 32. Muneira
Op 33. Navarra for 2 Violins and Piano
Op 34. Airs ecossais
Op 35. Peteneras, for violin & piano
Op 36. Jota de San Fermin
Op 37. Zortizico Adios montanas mias, for violin & piano
Op 38. Viva Sevilla
Op 39. Zortzico de Iparaguirre, for violin & piano
Op 40. Introduction et fandango varie
Op 41. Introduction et caprice-jota
Op 42. Miramar-Zortzico, for violin & orchestra
Op 43. Introduction and Tarantela


Op 44. La chase
Op 45. Nocturne-serenade

Op 46. Barcarolle venitienne
Op 47. Melodie roumaine, for violin & piano
Op 48. Lesprit follet
Op 49. Chansons russes, for violin & orchestra
Op 50. Jota de Pamplona
Op 51. Fantasy on Don Giovanni
Op 52. Jota de Pablo, for violin & orchestra
Op 53. La Reve
Op 54. Concert fantasy on Mozarts Magic Flute





--------------------------------------
사라사테 [ Pablo de Sarasate ]

[출생 - 사망] 1844년 ~ 1908년
[국적] 스페인


[주요작품]
「지고이네르바이젠」 Op.20, No.1
「하바네라」(「스페인 무곡집」중에서)
Op.21, No.2
「로만자 안달루자」(「스페인 무곡집」중
에서) Op.22, No.1
「호타 나바라」(「스페인 무곡집」중에
서) Op.22, No.2
「사파테아도」(「스페인 무곡집」중에서)
Op.23, No.2
「카르멘 환상곡」 Op.25
「서주와 타란텔라」 Op.43


1844년 3월 10일에 스페인의 팜플로나에서
태어나, 1908년 9월20일 비아르리츠에서
타계한 바이올리니스트이다.
10세 때 이미 '신동(神童)’이라는 말을
들으며 널리 알려져, 당시의 이사벨 여왕
은 그를 불러 그 묘기를 들었는데, 여왕도
크게 감동하여 명기인 ‘스트라디바리우
스’를 주었다. 이윽고 파리에 나가 파리
음악원에 입학, 알라르에게 사사하여 13세
로 1등상을 받았다. 랄로는 사라사테에게
「제1바이올린 협주곡」과 유명한 「스페
인 교향곡」을, 브루흐는 「제2바이올린 협
주곡」과 「스코틀랜드 환상곡」을, 매켄지
는 「피브로호 모음곡」을 작곡해서 바쳤
다. 사라사테의 작곡에는 유명한 「지고이
네르바이젠」 · 「스페인 무곡집」등 명바
이올린곡이 많다.


사라사테가 직접 연주한 녹음 레코드는,
초기의 그라모폰 레코드에 역사반(歷史艦)
으로 남아 있다. 아마 실린더 식의 것에서
평판 레코드로 고쳐진 것이리라. 10인치의
양면에 「지고이네르바이젠」이 일부분
수록되어 있다. 사망하기 조금 전에 축음기
가 발명되었고, 독일의 그라모폰이 생겨나
당시 음악가들의 연주를 대량으로 녹음할
수 있어서, 요아힘 · 생상스 등의 레코드
가 카탈로그에 실려 있다.


======================================
Pablo de Sarasate

[Birth name]
Pablo Martin Meliton de Sarasate y
Navascues

[Born] 10 March 1844 Pamplona, Spain
[Died] 20 September 1908 Biarritz, France
[Genres] Classical
[Occupation(s)]
Composer, conductor, violinist
[Years active] 1852-1904

Pablo Martin Meliton de Sarasate y
Navascues (10 March 1844 ~ 20 September
1908) was a Spanish violinist and
composer of the Romantic period.

[Career]
Pablo Sarasate was born in Pamplona,
Navarre, the son of an artillery
bandmaster. He began studying the
violin with his father at the age of
five and later took lessons from a
local teacher. His musical talent
became evident early on and he appeared
in his first public concert in A Coruna
at the age of eight. His performance
was well-received, and caught the
attention of a wealthy patron who
provided the funding for Sarasate to
study under Manuel Rodriguez Saez in
Madrid, where he gained the favor of
Queen Isabella II. Later, as his
abilities developed, he was sent to
study under Jean-Delphin Alard at the
Paris Conservatoire at the age of
twelve. There, at seventeen, Sarasate
entered a competition for the Premier
Prix and won his first prize, the
Conservatoire's highest honour. (There
was not another Spanish violinist to
achieve this until Manuel Quiroga did
so in 1911; Quiroga was frequently
compared to Sarasate throughout his
career.)

Sarasate, who had been publicly
performing since childhood, made his
Paris debut as a concert violinist in
1860, and played in London the
following year. Over the course of his
career, he toured many parts of the
world, performing in Europe, North
America, and South America. His
artistic pre-eminence was due
principally to the purity of his tone,
which was free from any tendency
towards the sentimental or rhapsodic,
and to that impressive facility of
execution that made him a virtuoso.

In his early career, Sarasate performed
mainly opera fantasies, most notably
the Carmen Fantasy, and various other
pieces that he had composed. The
popularity of Sarasate's Spanish
flavour in his compositions is
reflected in the work of his
contemporaries. For example, the
influences of Spanish music can be
heard in such notable works as Edouard
Lalo's Symphonie Espagnole which was
dedicated to Sarasate; Georges Bizet's
Carmen; and Camille Saint-Saens'
Introduction and Rondo Capriccioso,
written expressly for Sarasate and
dedicated to him.

Of Sarasate's idiomatic writing for his
instrument, the playwright and music
critic George Bernard Shaw once
declared that though there were many
composers of music for the violin,
there were but few composers of violin
music. Of Sarasate's talents as
performer and composer, Shaw said that
he "left criticism gasping miles behind
him". Sarasate's own compositions are
mainly show-pieces designed to
demonstrate his exemplary technique.
Perhaps the best known of his works is
Zigeunerweisen (1878), a work for
violin and orchestra. Another piece,
the Carmen Fantasy (1883), also for
violin and orchestra, makes use of
themes from Georges Bizet's opera
Carmen. Probably his most performed
encores are his two books of Spanish
dances, brief pieces designed to please
the listener's ear and show off the
performer's talent. He also made
arrangements of a number of other
composers' work for violin, and
composed sets of variations
on "potpourris" drawn from operas
familiar to his audiences, such as his
Fantasia on La forza del destino (his
Opus 1), his "Souvenirs of Faust", or
his variations on themes from Die
Zauberflote. In 1904 he made a small
number of recordings. In all his
travels Sarasate returned to Pamplona
each year for the San Fermin festival.

Sarasate died in Biarritz, France, on
September 20, 1908, from chronic
bronchitis. He bequeathed his violin,
made by Antonio Stradivari in 1724, to
the Musee de la Musique. The violin now
bears his name as the Sarasate
Stradivarius in his memory. His second
Stradivari violin, the Boissier of
1713, is now owned by Real
Conservatorio Superior de Musica,
Madrid. Among his violin pupils was
Alfred De Seve. The Pablo Sarasate
International Violin Competition is
held in Pamplona.

A number of works for violin were
dedicated to Sarasate, including Henryk
Wieniawski's Violin Concerto No. 2,
Edouard Lalo's Symphonie Espagnole,
Camille Saint-Saens' Violin Concerto
No. 3 and his Introduction and Rondo
capriccioso, Max Bruch's Scottish
Fantasy, and Alexander Mackenzie's
Pibroch Suite. Also inspired by
Sarasate is William H. Potstock's
Souvenir de Sarasate.

(from naver.com wikipedia.org
네이버 지식백과)


Composer, Conductor, Concerto, influence(+)~
(PIG: time-variant)

Positive Influence GRADE (PIG): C+


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