Name 후안 마누엘 산토스
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산토스-Juan M Santos,President,노벨상,Colombia
후안 마누엘 산토스
(Juan Manuel Santos)
정치인, 대통령(콜롬비아),2016년 노벨평화상

[출생] 1951년 8월 10일 (콜롬비아)
[성별] 남성
[소속] 콜롬비아(대통령)
[가족] 배우자 마리아 클레멘시아 로드리게스

[학력사항]
플레처법률외교대학원
~ 1981 하버드대학교 행정학 석사
~ 1975 런던정치경제대학교 대학원 경제발전학 석사
~ 1973 캔자스대학교 경제경영학 학사


[경력사항]
2010.08 ~ 제59대 콜롬비아 대통령
2006.07 ~ 2009.05 콜롬비아 국방부 장관
2000.08 ~ 2002.08 콜롬비아 재무부 장관
1999 라틴아메리카카리브경제위원회 의장
1992 국제연합무역개발협의회 의장
1991 콜롬비아 무역부 장관
1972 국제커피협회 콜롬비아 대표

[수상내역]
2016 노벨평화상
2012 미국 타임지 세계에서 가장 영향력 있는
100인


--------------------------------------
콜롬비아의 제59대 대통령

[임기] 2010년 8월 7일 ~ 2014년 8월 7일
2014년 8월 7일 ~

[부통령] 앙헬리노 가르손

[출생일] 1951년 8월 10일

[출생지] 콜롬비아, 보고타

[정당] U(우)연합

[학력]
캔자스 대학교 학사
런던 정치경제대학교 석사
하버드 대학교 케네디 행정대학원 M.P.A.

[종교] 로마 가톨릭교회

[배우자]
마리아 클레멘시아 로드리게즈

[자녀]
마리아 안토니아, 마틴, 에스테반
-------------
후안 마누엘 산토스 (Juan Manuel Santos
Calderón,1951년 8월 10일 ~ )는 콜롬비아의 우
파 정치인이며 알바로 우리베 벨레스 정부에서
국방부 장관을 지냈었다. 집권 여당 우리비스타
연합의 후보로서 대선에 출마하여, 2010년 6월
20일에 끝난 대통령 선거의 결과 69%의 득표율
로 대통령에 당선되었다. 2010년 8월 7일에
는 대통령에 취임하여 재선을 통해 승리하여
2014년 8월 7일에는 다시 2번째 취임을 하였다.

미국 캔자스 대학교에서 경제학과 경영학 학사,
영국 런던 정치경제대학교에서 경제개발 및 공공
경제학 석사, 미국 하버드 대학교 케네디 행정대
학원에서 행정학 석사(M.P.A.)를 받은 해외 유학
파 이다.

후안 마누엘 산토스의 할아버지 형제인 에두아르
도 산토스는 1938년부터 1942년까지 재임한 콜롬
비아의 대통령이자 엘 티엠포 신문의 사장이었
다. 아버지는 엘 티엠포의 편집장이었고 형은 스
페인의 플라네타 그룹에게 신문사가 팔리기 전까
지 국장을 하였다. 사촌인 프란시스코 산토스 칼
데론은 알바로 우리베 벨레스 대통령 시절에 부
통령을 하였다.
-------------------------------------
[이뉴스투데이] 2016년 노벨평화상은 콜롬비아
평화협정을 이끈 후안 마누엘 산토스 콜롬비아
대통령이 수상했다.


7일(현지시각) 노르웨이 노벨상위원회는산토스
대통령을 2016 노벨평화상 수상자로 선정했다.
산토스 대통령은 오랜 내전을 종식할 평화협정
을 이끈 공로를 인정받았다.

산토스 대통령은 미국 캔자스 대학교에서 경제학
과 경영학 학사, 영국 런던 정치경제대학교에서
경제개발ㆍ공공경제학 석사, 미국 하버드 대학
교 케네디 행정대학원에서 행정학 석사를 받은
해외 유학파 출신이다.

이후 지난 2010년 08월 제59대 콜롬비아 대통령
으로 취임한 후 많은 업적으로 2012년 미국 타임
지 세계에서 가장 영향력 있는 100인으로 선정되
기도 했다.

그리고 산토스 대통령은 지난달 26일 콜롬비아무
장혁명군의 지도자 로드리고 론도뇨와 평화협정
에 서명해 콜롬비아 내전을 종식시켰다.

한편, 콜롬비아 내전은 지난 1964년 농민 반란으
로 시작돼 52년간 지속돼 많은 인명을 희생시킨
전쟁이다.

=====================================
Juan Manuel Santos - Facts

Juan Manuel Santos
Photo: Wilson Dias/ABr, CC BY 3.0 via
Wikimedia Commons

Juan Manuel Santos
Born: 1951, Bogotá, Colombia

Prize motivation: "for his resolute efforts
to bring the country's more than 50-year-
long civil war to an end"

Role: President of Colombia

Prize share: 1/1

---------------------------------------
The Nobel Peace Prize for 2016

The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided to
award the Nobel Peace Prize for 2016 to
Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos for
his resolute efforts to bring the country's
more than 50-year-long civil war to an end,
a war that has cost the lives of at least
220 000 Colombians and displaced close to
six million people. The award should also be
seen as a tribute to the Colombian people
who, despite great hardships and abuses,
have not given up hope of a just peace, and
to all the parties who have contributed to
the peace process. This tribute is paid, not
least, to the representatives of the
countless victims of the civil war.

President Santos initiated the negotiations
that culminated in the peace accord between
the Colombian government and the FARC
guerrillas, and he has consistently sought
to move the peace process forward. Well
knowing that the accord was controversial,
he was instrumental in ensuring that
Colombian voters were able to voice their
opinion concerning the peace accord in a
referendum. The outcome of the vote was not
what President Santos wanted: a narrow
majority of the over 13 million Colombians
who cast their ballots said no to the
accord. This result has created great
uncertainty as to the future of Colombia.
There is a real danger that the peace
process will come to a halt and that civil
war will flare up again. This makes it even
more important that the parties, headed by
President Santos and FARC guerrilla leader
Rodrigo Londoño, continue to respect the
ceasefire.

The fact that a majority of the voters said
no to the peace accord does not necessarily
mean that the peace process is dead. The
referendum was not a vote for or against
peace. What the "No" side rejected was not
the desire for peace, but a specific peace
agreement. The Norwegian Nobel Committee
emphasizes the importance of the fact that
President Santos is now inviting all parties
to participate in a broad-based national
dialogue aimed at advancing the peace
process. Even those who opposed the peace
accord have welcomed such a dialogue. The
Nobel Committee hopes that all parties will
take their share of responsibility and
participate constructively in the upcoming
peace talks.

Striking a balance between the need for
national reconciliation and ensuring justice
for the victims will be a particularly
difficult challenge. There are no simple
answers to how this should be accomplished.
An important feature of the Colombian peace
process so far has been the participation of
representatives of civil war victims.
Witnessing the courage and will of the
victims' representatives to testify about
atrocities, and to confront the perpetrators
from every side of the conflict, has made a
profound impression.

By awarding this year's Peace Prize to
President Juan Manuel Santos, the Norwegian
Nobel Committee wishes to encourage all
those who are striving to achieve peace,
reconciliation and justice in Colombia. The
president himself has made it clear that he
will continue to work for peace right up
until his very last day in office. The
Committee hopes that the Peace Prize will
give him strength to succeed in this
demanding task. Furthermore, it is the
Committee's hope that in the years to come
the Colombian people will reap the fruits of
the ongoing peace and reconciliation
process. Only then will the country be able
to address effectively major challenges such
as poverty, social injustice and drug-
related crime.

The civil war in Colombia is one of the
longest civil wars in modern times and the
sole remaining armed conflict in the
Americas. It is the Norwegian Nobel
Committee's firm belief that President
Santos, despite the "No" majority vote in
the referendum, has brought the bloody
conflict significantly closer to a peaceful
solution, and that much of the groundwork
has been laid for both the verifiable
disarmament of the FARC guerrillas and a
historic process of national fraternity and
reconciliation. His endeavors to promote
peace thus fulfil the criteria and spirit of
Alfred Nobel's will.

Oslo, 7 October 2016
------------------------------------
[Personal details]
[Born]
Juan Manuel Santos Calderón
10 August 1951, Bogotá, Colombia

[Political party]
Liberal Party (Before 2005)
Social Party of National Unity (2005
–present)

[Spouse(s)]
Silvia Amaya Londoño (Divorced)
María Clemencia Rodríguez Múnera (1987
–present)

[Children]
Martín, María Antonia, Esteban

[Residence]
Casa de Nariño

[Alma mater]
University of Kansas, Lawrence
London School of Economics
Harvard University

[Religion]
Roman Catholicism

[Awards]
Nobel Peace Prize (2016)

Juan Manuel Santos Calderon
(born 10 August 1951) is the 32nd and
current President of Colombia, in office
since 2010. He was Minister of Defense from
2006 to 2009. He is the recipient of the
2016 Nobel Peace Prize.

An economist by profession and a journalist
by trade, Santos is a member of the wealthy
and influential Santos family, who from 1913
to 2007 were the majority shareholders of
the newspaper El Tiempo until its sale to
Planeta DeAgostini in 2007. Shortly after
graduating from the University of Kansas, he
joined the National Federation of Coffee
Growers of Colombia as an economic advisor
and delegate to the International Coffee
Organization in London, where he also
attended the London School of Economics and
Political Science. In 1981, he was appointed
deputy director of El Tiempo, becoming its
director two years later.

In 1991, he was appointed by President César
Gaviria Trujillo as Colombia's first
Minister of Foreign Trade. Santos worked in
expanding international trade with Colombia,
and worked in creating various agencies for
this purpose including: Proexport,
Bancoldex, and Fiducoldex. In 2000, he was
appointed by President Andrés Pastrana
Arango as the 64th Minister of Finance and
Public Credit.

Santos rose to prominence during the
Administration of President Álvaro Uribe
Vélez. In 2005, he co-founded and led the
Social Party of National Unity (Party of the
U), a liberal-conservative party coalition
that backed the policies of President Uribe,
successfully supporting his attempt to seek
a Constitutional reform to be able to run
for a second term. In 2006, after Uribe was
re-elected, and the Party of the U won a
majority of seats in both chambers of
Congress, Santos was appointed Minister of
National Defence, and continued defending
the security policies of President Uribe,
taking a strong and forceful stance against
FARC and the other guerrilla groups
operating in Colombia.

On the 7th of October 2016, it was announced
that Santos will receive the Nobel Peace
Prize for negotiating a peace treaty with
the guerillas in the country, despite the
unsuccessful referendum held over the deal.

(from naver.com wikipedia.org)


Colombia, Civil war ~
(PIG: time-variant)

Positive Influence GRADE (PIG): C


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